Managing Crosstalk and Ground Bounce
Designing for higher speeds and operating frequencies demands close scrutiny to minimize the effects of unwanted energy transfer and noise in the system.
With faster edge rates of logic devices more common, wavelengths are becoming comparable to the average circuit size. As a result, the semiconductor industry is being pushed to the limits of miniaturized component manufacturing. Even then, with speeds in the GBs range, intrinsic electrical characteristics are no longer insignificant. Many things can go wrong if sufficient thought and planning are not put into the high-speed PCB layout.